WHY WE'LL NEVER PRODUCE OUR PRODUCTS IN CHINA

WHY WE'LL NEVER PRODUCE OUR PRODUCTS IN CHINA

November 07, 2019 4 Comments

It seems like most products are made in China: toys, clothes, electronics, and yes – countless cosmetics. So, why does this matter? And why will we never produce our products in China? 

We’re telling you all the reasons why in today’s blog. Keep reading to learn more!

UNETHICAL WORKING CONDITIONS

As an ethical clean beauty brand, we’ll never support any practice that does harm – to you, the beautiful wearer of our products, or to anyone involved with our brand, including the people manufacturing our products.

The average factory worker in China makes $300 per month, and in less urban areas, wages are as low as US $145 per month. That works out to about $2.00/hour for the highest-paid workers!

In many Chinese factories, it’s not uncommon to work 12 – 16 hours a day with very minimal breaks. And the inhumane working conditions would shock anyone to see. Things that we take for granted (like worker’s compensation insurance) don’t even exist in these areas. If a worker gets hurt or sick on the job, they’re simply out of work without pay.

And these conditions are not limited to just China. In Vietnam, many factory workers earn less than $300 per month. And in some Mexican factories, harassment, abuse, and discrimination are a daily reality. 

We cannot support this exploitation in any way. Everyone deserves respect - to be treated ethically with fair pay and safe, humane working conditions.

Production-line-by-syzygylab

Image: @syzygylab

CONTAMINATION

You may have heard about the recent lead and asbestos outbreaks in beauty products at Claire’s and Justice. While this was shocking news to many, it’s more common than you would think.  

Ingredients like talc, mica, and cosmetic colorants are extracted from the earth and can be contaminated with toxic heavy metals. Testing for heavy metal contamination is not required in China, and it's an extra cost for brands. Since most brands producing in China are very cost-conscious, they often skip contamination testing. 

As a result, beauty products from China have been tested by the FDA to contain mercury, mold, cyanide, lead, formaldehyde, arsenic, human urine, and rat droppings.

Is this contamination common? The FDA only inspects about 0.3% of imported cosmetics, so there's no way to know the true number. Of this 0.3% however, the FDA reported “adverse findings” in 15% of all the products they tested.

cosmetic-contamination

We always test our formulas for heavy metal contamination and are well below the recommended safety limits set by the FDA. We meticulously vet every ingredient, banning over 1500 ingredients from our formulas, and choosing only clean, non-toxic, and organic & fair-trade ingredients wherever possible.

QUALITY & CONSISTENCY                            

A common scenario in China: unethical manufacturers substitute a brand’s ingredients for lower-quality, lower-cost ingredients without consulting the brand. So, the product a brand thinks they’re selling has been altered in ways they aren’t even aware of.

When products are produced overseas, brands have little or no visibility into their production. While they can provide specifications on ingredients and production methods, they can't be sure these guidelines are being followed.

At Āether Beauty, our products are formulated in the US, Canada, and Europe at high-quality, reputable facilities we trust. We visit the facilities regularly, meet the people producing our products, see our products at every stage of production, and personally check the quality on a regular basis.

BRIBERY & CORRUPTION

In China, it’s not uncommon for manufacturers to bribe Quality Control Inspectors to ignore any quality issues they find. Inspectors are often very low-paid also, so the offer of extra income can be tempting. As a result, flawed, toxic, or low-quality products sometimes aren’t reported and end up being sold to consumers despite their issues.

Factories may also bribe officials and regulators to look the other way on labor standards, facility cleanliness, and production standards.

This all probably sounds hard to believe, we know, but sadly it’s a common reality in China and many other countries around the world. Chinese President Xi Jinping himself acknowledges that corruption is the biggest threat to their government.  

OUTSOURCING PRODUCTION

When you produce overseas, you trust the manufacturer's word that they’re following all your specifications and that the finished product will be safe, effective, and what they’ve promised. But in China, where corruption levels are high, this is a hard promise to trust.

What often happens: brands search far and wide for a Chinese manufacturer that they feel comfortable with. After agreeing to produce their product, the manufacturer outsources production to a different manufacturer without telling the brand.

Why does this happen? A manufacturer will give a brand an extremely low price to produce their products, a price they can’t actually meet at their facility. So, they outsource to a much less expensive factory and make a small profit. This is all done without the brand's knowledge. In this case, the brand now has no idea who’s producing their product (and how it’s being produced).

ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE

Six of the top 20 most polluted cities in the world are in China. And although China is making efforts to improve their historically very lax pollution laws, the regulations are often ignored and not enforced. Chinese factories are still contributing to extreme levels of water, soil, and air pollution. A recent inspection of Chinese businesses showed that 70% are violating environmental standards.

And what’s more: corruption is a big problem in environmental regulation. Recently, seven Chinese officials were prosecuted for tampering with pollution data to show a cleaner result.

Beyond chemical run-off and air pollution, we have to consider the environmental impact of shipping products across the globe. This is a huge amount of emissions entering the air and the oceans on a regular basis.  

Collage-art-by-toonjoosen

Image: @toonjoosen

COUNTERFEIT COSMETICS

Everyone knows about counterfeit designer purses from China, but have you heard about the multi-billion-dollar knock-off cosmetics industry?

Just like with handbags, these knock-offs try to replicate the look of a product but are created with low-quality, inexpensive, often toxin-filled ingredients. While fashion knock-offs are relatively harmless, the risks for cosmetic and skincare products are much higher – it means risking our health with potentially dangerous, contaminated ingredients.

China is the knock-off capital of the world. Last year, 87% of all counterfeit products entering the US came from Hong Kong and Mainland China. And the likelihood of counterfeiting is much higher when a product is produced by the local factories.  

While this knock-off trade used to be limited to street-side vendors in China, it has now spread to many sites online. The products often look identical at a glance and shoppers can’t tell the difference. We never want to risk this possibility for our customers.

Counterfeit-cosmetics

TARIFFS

Products produced in China are now facing a 10%-25% tariff when entering the US. This is an added cost that china-produced brands will have to build into their prices. It means customers are paying extra for no added value.  

SO, WHY DO BRANDS PRODUCE THEIR PRODUCTS IN CHINA? 

The main reason: cost. It’s much cheaper to produce products in China. Workers are paid very little so manufacturers can charge less for production.

Something to think about: when cost is the main priority, that means other aspects like safety, quality, and ethics take a backseat. If savings can be found by choosing lower quality ingredients or producing under unethical conditions, then so be it.

As a Certified Benefit Corp, we always value purpose over profit. Cost comes after ethical sourcing, non-toxic, vegan, cruelty-free ingredients, and gorgeously high-performing formulas. We vow to always #donnoharm to any other being, or to this planet.

How to know if a product is made in China: look for a “Made in China” or “Made in the PRC” stamp on the product or packaging.

PRODUCTS SOLD IN CHINA

While China is making efforts to shift animal testing laws, for now, products sold in Mainland China are still subject to mandatory animal testing. As a vegan and cruelty-free brand, we won't sell our products in China until required animal testing is completely eliminated. For more on Cruelty-free beauty, visit our blog

____________________________

Thanks for tuning into our blog and for supporting ethical clean beauty! We'd love to hear your questions or comments down below <3

- Āether Beauty xo



4 Responses

Jess
Jess

January 22, 2020

Where do you produce, if not China, and what are the conditions like there?

Stacy A.
Stacy A.

January 13, 2020

Chrystal D, you’re spreading misinformation.

Products to be sold in China regardless of where they’re manufactured (typically China, tho, when products are also sold there). The PRC requires any cosmetic product available for their people to purchase within their country to go through animal testing for “safety.”

I quote the word safety because it is so rare for any cosmetic ingredient used today to be an ingredient that’s never been used before in cosmetics. All of the ingredients used in formulations across the beauty spectrum, have once been tested on animals, and frankly they’re still tested on humans (every time we put makeup on lol).

Anyway, my point is that we already know exactly how all of our ingredients perform/react to the skin. However, because there are a lot of ingredients (most 90%+ typically excluding synthetic micas and similar synthetic ingredients) are derived directly from the earth. Within these ingredients derived directly from nature, pollutants and toxins are becoming an increasingly bigger risk factor to be present in ingredients deemed safe already…

I believe that’s china’s main excuse for continuing to test products on animals. But honestly, this is such a backwards and unnecessary step nowadays with all the technology we have available to us.

Let’s say an animal has an adverse reaction to a product.. well their next step is to find out why by chemically testing that product and finding out exactly what is in there, whether or not their findings match the ingredients the brand claims they used, and finally if they do match the brands’ claims, are one of the ingredients contaminated more than acceptable? They could literally just eliminate their first step and instead rely only on chemical testing.

AnywAy, I’m ecstatic to see a brand sold at Sephora to be sharing these types of injustices on such a large platform. I sometimes forget that just because I’m aware of how much of my life’s convenience is at the expense of 3rd world country’s families who made most of the products I use. Exploitation of workers via threats of not paying them, children laborers, poor, contaminated, infested work environments stuffed with workers way beyond what one would consider to be a max capacity for their building and any other injustice you can think of – this shit is 1000% the standard in manufacturing plants in country’s like China. It’s not just makeup: the clothes/shoes we wear, our phones, our fruit/vegetables, our home’s appliances, and so much more could potentially have the blood of someone far away on it without us knowing. We can assume that anything that we purchase was manufactured in the US (which now manufactures only 2% of all products purchased in the US), or manufactured in another 1st world country, it’s nearly a guarantee that someone and/or many someones were exploited for whomever owns the products they’re importing from their own manufacturing plant to make $$ and due to the customer demand for cheaper, more convenient, single-use, throw away products.

HOWEVER, that doesn’t mean all 1st world countries, including USA, are treating their employees with the respect their deserve (includes wages), isnt cutting corners, and/or isn’t sourcing unethically. THE ONLY WAY WE XAN GUARANTEE THAT PRODUCTS WE PURCHASE ARE ETHICAL FOR EVERYONE INVOLVED IS WHEN THE BRAND IS WILLING TO SHARE THEIR ENTIRE JOURNEY CREATING THEIR ORODUCT. JUST LIKE AETHER BEAUTY. sharing where the products were sourced, how/where they were manufactured, and anything else that either is pertinent to the product itself or anything a customer directly inquired about to the brand. If they’re not willing to share certain parts of their product development, it’s cause they’re hiding something they’re ashamed of. :)

AETHER Beauty is an industry revolutionary and I’m fucking here for it.

Anna
Anna

December 28, 2019

I appreciate this brand so much. It’s crazy to me that it’s almost 2020 and brands are still choosing to go the China route, and also allow their products to be tested on animals. I get very heated when talking about this stuff, so I love being able to share articles that are calm and well written lol. I don’t buy into the Crystal stuff, but that doesn’t stop me from enjoying your makeup! Much love xxx

Chrystal D
Chrystal D

November 12, 2019

Cosmetics from China are tested on animals…..NEVER buy something that isn’t Cruelty-Free!!!! :)

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